A lockdown can be best explained as a restriction policy for people or communities to stay where they are, mainly due to the specific risks to themselves or others if they move and interact freely. The terms ‘stay at home’ or ‘shelter in place’ are often used for lockdowns that affect an area rather than specific locations. According to dissertation writing services, the idea behind the lockdown, resulting from the pandemic, was to keep the general population safe as this virus spreads with contact.
The more people interact with each other, the more they can transmit the virus. USA and UK were worst hit by coronavirus after it broke out in China, and as of now, millions of people are getting affected by the virus while millions have lost their lives due to this deadly infection. Governments all around the world imposed lockdown to help people remain socially distant. It was a big risk and hit the global economy greatly, but it was a critical step to save millions of lives as staying away was the only way to keep safe.
Like other governments, the UK government also imposed lockdown as the number of cases began to increase. The main idea behind lockdown was to avoid the spread of infection as the elderly and people with pre-existing conditions were most vulnerable. Lack of vaccine also made it necessary to take all measures that could prevent further outbreaks. The UK citizens were stressed to follow the lockdown rules accordingly, as a surge in coronavirus cases could be deadly, and it was becoming tough for the hospitals and healthcare workers to cope with limited workforce and resources.
Schools have been closed; mostly the people are also working from home while some offices are either calling only the necessary staff or they call their staff on alternate days to avoid gathering too many people at one place. The lockdown is expected to last till the mid of February, but nothing is final yet. Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said, in a statement that it is too early to know whether they will be in a position to lift the restrictions by spring.
Reasonable excuses for leaving home include shopping for essentials like food and medicine, meeting support or childcare bubble, children moving between separated parents, education, training, childcare, and medical emergencies. People can leave their homes for moving houses, religious purposes, or if they work as nannies, cleaners and have their trades to manage. New lockdown rules that the UK citizens must follow to avoid hefty fines:
- They must stay home unless it is an emergency and they have to go to the hospital; they can only leave home for work, essential chopping, exercise, or medical appointments, but they are advised to stay local unless it is for work or other emergencies
- international or round the UK travel is only allowed if it is essential, vacations or off days are a big no
- Exercise is allowed outdoors only once a day in the local area; the citizens can exercise with their household, support bubble, or one other person, but they must maintain a two-meter distance from each other
- The schools will remain closed except for vulnerable pupils and children of critical workers; the university teaching will continue online with course expectations depending on the situation
- There will be no household mixing indoors or outdoors unless in a support bubble or childcare bubble
- If someone is critically extremely vulnerable, they will only go out for medical appointments, exercise or if it is essential; they will not go to work
- All the non-essential shops, leisure, and entertainment venues will remain closed until the government orders
- Pubs and restaurants will also remain closed, but takeaway and delivery options are available
- Sports facilities like gym and tennis courts will remain closed
Only essential businesses and services can stay open. They include:
- Supermarkets, food shops, pharmacies, and garden centers
- Places of worship
- Petrol stations and MOT services
- Banks and post offices
- Doctors and dentists surgeries and vets
- Car parks, public toilets, and playgrounds
As the second wave of coronavirus does not seem to be subsiding anytime now, the new lockdown rules in the UK are in place, and the UK citizens are being warned to take all measures to keep safe and prevent the infection from spreading. A new £800 fine for attending house parties of more than 15 people has been announced. It will double for each additional offense – up to £6,400, and the organizers will be fined £10,000.